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    Mirgeha Shxan Shingal Kils






    Dr.Khalil J. Rashow


    Ji ber k di kitba ,,Sherefname,, da gelek li ser van mirgehn( mrnishnn) zidiyan ne hatiye nivsne, ji ber w yek me bi fer ( giring) zan, em li hinek berpern dinn drok bigerin bo dewlemend kirina babet xwe li ser bingeheke zanist.

    Mixabin droka zidiyan mirgehn wan, bi taybet pisht hatina Islametiy bo deveda Krdistan, wa hatiye tkel pkel kirin, yan bjn : wa hatiye winda kirin. Nivsevann kevnn ereba, gelek li ser ne nivsye. Nivsann krdn bsilman wek (Sherefxan Bedls ) gelek bi xirab li ser zidiyan diyanet wan nivsye....nav apter(9)neh ( Mrn Dasiniya) apter (8)hesht ( Mrn Zerza)- k ew j eshreteke here kevne zidiya bu- di perawz kitba ( Sherefnam) da w di hatne dest nshankirin, l mixabin ew apterne, ne bi ziman faris, ne bi zimann din, ne hatine apkirine...bo?..suc Sherefxan buye, yan suc wan kesane yn kitba w li du ra apkirn?...er gelo ji ber egera dn ew apterne ne hatine apkirine? bi rast em nizanin.L her awa be ciy daxye.

    Dem behs zidiyan t; wek eshreta Dumiliya, Mehmdiya,...hd, Sherefxan dn wan wek dnek xirab dide xoya kirin.(Sherefxan, per 305,110 cild 1, wergrana Mihemed Ali Ewn)

    Her ende li aliyek din Sherefxan dibje :caxa mrn ( Hekar, Amdiy, Kils) yek buye(Shemdn, Behdn, Mendsha), l bel dsan t dixwaze koka wan bibe ser reha ereban dibje: mrn Hekar Amdiy koka wan digerte ser Xndkarn Abasiya mrn Kils koka wan digerne ser binemala hashimiya; ank ,,seyid Abas,,.

    ( Sherefxan, per 87, 102, 214,bi ziman ereb).

    Em di karn ji du aliynve behs li ser droka zidiyan bikn:

    yek/ ji aliy edeb devk, edeb dn serhatiyn li cen zidiyan. Her ende di v alda roj sal bi ashkeray diyar nabin, l ew bo behsa me dibe serkaniyek.

    du/ kitbn drok k bi rengek ashkera, yan ne ashkera li bin hindek navn din nav zidiyan t.

    zidiyan ber mrgeha Shxan, Shingal, Kils, Heleb, gelek hikmet, dewletn piuk, mirgehn din hebune, wek : dewleta Xaltiya, Hitt( Xor= yan Hor) paytext wan li (Urakash), dewleta Mtan, Adyabn, Simok, mrgeha Dasiniya jor jr. Her weha li psh mrgeha Shxan li dem w j hindek mrgehn din hebun, wek : mrgeha Dmiliya, mrgeha Mehmdiya, Hekariya, Radiya-li Tebrz k bi esil zid bun-,her weha Shedad, Merwan, Bahrun,mrgeha Herr( Xanzade Hesen Memam), mrgeha Msil (li dem zid Mirza)....

    Niha ber j zidiyan heft Tawis (= Sinceq) hebun. Her Tawisek wek simbol ala(=beyraq) bo deverek yan wilayetek ji wilayetn zidiyan di hate naskirin.Nav van Tawsa eveye:

    1- Tawsa z(=Tawsa Enzel), bo zdxan= welatshx di hate gran.

    2- Tawsa Shingal.

    3- Tawsa Heleb.

    4- Tawsa Tebrz.

    5- Tawsa Xalta.

    6- Tawsa Misqofa.(anku zidiyn Rsiya k li Ermenistan Grcistan dimnin).

    7- Tawsa Zozana(= Hekar).

    Li virda diyar dibe zidiyan heft wilayetn mezin hebuyne.Erd di bin dest zidiyan da ewan hkim l dikir her ji Sham, Heleb, Torabid ji rojava heta digehishte Tebrz li rojhilat. Ji Diyar bekr welat misqofa li bakur heta Tikrt li bashur . Ev ende bi dkmnt derket wext(Mishura Xet Pis)- k preke ji prn zidiyan li erx yanzd zayin li dem Shxad Shx Hesen jiyaye-. nav hoz eshretn zidiyan k mirdn w prne, di w desxetda t. Ev mishure bo cara yek (Xidir Silman Sadilla Shxan) bi duqol li sala 1988 di kitba ( Shxan Shxanbeg) da belav kirin.

    Li gor hindek kitba(serokaniya) mrgeha Dasin yeke ji mrgehn here kevnarn krda(zidiya), bo cara yek nav w di kitbn Ashriya da hatiye, dem ewan got: snor wan ji bakurve digehishte mrgeha Dasin.(navdarn krda, Hisn Beg Dasin,govara Lalish,jimare 8 sala 1997,p. 39).

    Anwer May j di kitba xwe( Al-akrad f Behdnan = Krd li Behdna) da dibje: mrgeha Dasin heta sala (620k-1236z) berdewam bu, bajr Dihok melbend paytext w bu.Snor mrgeha Dasin her ji Zaxo iyay Shingal bu heta digehishte ava z nzk Hewlr.

    Di kitba( Fith Al-bildan) ya Al-belazir ( 279k-820z), per 378 pisht w j Ibn Al-athir (555k-630k=1160k-1232k) di kitba xwe ( Al-kamil f Al-tarx, cild 2, p.524)da dibjin: li dem Xelfe Emer kr Xetab li sala 20 ko, ew (Etbe kr Ferqed) hinarte ser Msil, xelk wder sher xwe kirin, bel ew kar li dimahiy kelayn wan bistne ava Dijle derbaz bike Mergeh Banhezra Baedra Hebtun(dibe gnd Xetare be) Dasin Heyane Mehle(Malta nzk Dihok-Xell-) hemu ciyn krdan bistne (ciziy) ji wan wergire.

    Li sala 148k-763z xndkar ebas( Abu Cafer Al-mensur) kar berxwedana zidiyan li iyay Dasin li krdistana bashur biseknne. Ewan dixwast ji bin dest ebasiya derkevin bi serfiraz bijn.Berxwedana wan fireh bu, gelek erd standin, bajr Msil deddor w j ket bin dest wan.ji ber v yek( Abu Cafer Al-mensur) lshkerek mezin bi serokatiya (Xalid Al-bermek) shande ser wan ew berxwedane vemirand.(Al-azd, Tarx Al-msil serhatiyn sala 148k), her weha (Ibn Al-athr, Al-kamil f Al-tarx)dsan serhatiyn sala 148k.(binre Zerar Sedq,govara Lalish, jimare 5,sala 1995, p.114).

    Her li serdem ebesiya li sala 224k-839z dem xndkar ( Al-metesim) berxwedaneke dine zidiyan li iyay Dasin devera Msil dij siyaseta dirrindeya waliyn dewleta ebasiya peyda bu.Serok v berxwedan mr zidiya ( Cafer kr mr Hesen Dasin) bu. zidiya kar bersing lshker ebasiya bi serokatiya ( Ebdulla kr seyid Anes Al-azd ) bigrin lshker w tk biden bishknin. Bel( Metesim) lshkerek nu bi serokatiya (Aytax) tirik li sala 225k amadekir. V lshker ber xwe da iyay Dasin krd shkandin mr Cafar kshtin.( binre serkaniy psh niha, p 115).(her bi bona hatina nav Aytax, Dr. Jamal Nebez, di kitba xwe :Al-mistezefun Al-krd weaxwanihim Al-mislimun, p.108 dibje:li sala 833z Metesim xndkar ebasiya hindek tirkn xrasan dern din ann, hzeke sherker cerde rgir ji wan kir da ew ji dijminn w bi parzin.Serok van eta rgira, Aytax Wesf xunmij bun.)

    Her weha li sala 479k(mr Isa)-k bi Selah Al-dn krd navdar bu- pisht mirina bab xwe (mr Yehya) buwe mr eshreta Dmiliya. ew dorber (100) sedhezar mal ji krdn zid birine Azerbaycan(Tebrz) zozana. Ev mr hemu dem xwe li Tebrz di qetand li dawda (Tebrz) buwe melbend mrgeha w. Di shnda ew buwe wezr Harun Al-reshd.( binre van serokaniya: Mihemed Amn Zek, Tarx Al-dwel wealimarat Al-krdye f Al-ehid Al-islam, p.385. Her weha Mihemed Amn Zek, meshahr Al-akrad, cild 2, p. 97. Binre Xidir Silman& Sehdilla Shxan, Shxan Shxanbeg, 1988, p. 17)

    Dem Shxad Shx Hesen Shx Shems Shx Fexir di erx shesh ko= yanzd zayin hatne Lalish, Shxan( wek Welatshx yan j zdxane t naskirin, melbend w j bajr Ain sivnye) buwe mrgeha zidiyan ewil car heta Shxad biraz neviyn xwe di sax bun, em dikarin bjin her Lalish bi xwe ciy mrgeh bu, shnda Bashk Behzan, pash Baedir buwe melbenda mrnishna Shxan.

    Ew tisht li ser mrgehn zidiyan hatiye nivsn w yek diyar diken k van mrgeha rolek berav karger di serhat jiyana siyas dn ya hemu devera dorber leyiztiye.

    Helbet Shxad biraz w Shx Hesen nav dengek mezin li Krdistan derdorda peyda kir. Heta ew di sax bun serokat rberiya dn zidiyan, bi rvebirina kar bar wan, bi dest wan bu. Piraniya Qewl Beyt, serhatiyn dn zidiyan,...hd, medh stayisha wan dikin, ewan bi Padsha Shx mezin xwey din axret nas dikin.

    Shxad Shx Hesen ne wek her bo zidiyan bune Mr Shx, belk sofiyn here mezinn mna( Ebdilqadir Glan, Shx Ahmed Al-kibr, Al-rifah,Abu wefa,..hd) mrn krd mna mr Hesen Meman, mr deshta herr, Mehmed Reshan li iyay meqlub. Shxad wek (Shx Al-eam= ank Shx bo hemu milletan) dihate qebur kirin.( binre Qewl Shxad Mra, Qewl Pr Dawud, Qewl Baza, Qewl Pr Sheref, Qewl Shx Hesen siltane,...hd.)

    Biraziy Shxad (Shx Hesen) her wek gelek drokvan behs dikin,mna( Ahmed bin Tolon ) di kitba xweda: ( Dzexair al-esir f tercimet nbela al-esir ), (Ahmed Teymur) di kitba xwe da:( Al-yezdiye wemensha nihletihim ) di bjin : Shx Hesen zana feylesuf brtjek bqam bu, xdan kitba ,,Al- celwe liehl al- xelwe ji bil v j ew gelek kitb nivsarn din j w danayn, l mixabin nemayine...)

    (binre pertuka:zidiyat li ber roshnaya hindek tkistd ayin zidiyan, Xidir Silman & Xell Cind, Bexda 1979, p.120)

    Shx Hesen nav dengek pirr mezin peyda kir xelkek zor l kom bun. Mrgeha w fireh bu, ew binyata(esasa) dewletek da dina. Her wek nivsevanek ereb di nameya macistra xweda li ser (dewleta atabik li Musil di erx yanzdy zayin) da, dibje: heke doza Shx Hesen serketiba, ew d nexsheya dn slam ghariba.

    Ji ber w yek j waliy Musil (Bedredn ll ) j tirsiya du firmann mezin birne ser mrgeha Shxan; yek di sala 644k(erx duwanzd zayin), di v sherda Shx Hesen t girtin dikeve zndana Musil shnda bi dest w dijmin t xenqandin.

    Firmana duw, wek (Ibn Al-ft ) di kitba xweda ( Al-hewadith al-camiea weal-tecarib al-nafiea f al-mia al-sabiea )da dibje: Bedred ll li sala 652k-1254z hrish bire ser zidiyan gehishte Lalish gora Shxad kola hestiyn w nan der sotin.( binre Zhr Kazim Ebud, Lemehat en Al-yezdiye,Bexda 1994,p.66 )

    Tirsa dn zidiyan bi hzbuna mrgeha Shxan ne wek her ketibu dil bislmann krdistan imberatorita Osmanl, belk zengila xeteriya w li der imberatorita Sefewiya j dida, bo v yek (Teq Al-dn Ahmed kr Al Meqrz di kitba xweda bi nav :Al-siluk limerifet dwel Al- miluk da dibje:bi dewa firmana -Celaledn kr Ezed Yusif Helway- ji zanayn dn li Iran bi harikariya mr cizra bota(Ezedn botan) krdn sind hakim Sheranish mr Tokil krd hakim Hisinkf mr Shemsedn Mehemed Cirdeql, a bi v hza mezin li sala 1414z. bisilmana hrish nane ser mrgeha Shxan iyay hekar zid qir kirin careke din gora Shxad sotin,(Ebas Al-ezaw,tarx al-yezdiye we asil eqdetihim, Bexda 1935,p.112-113 )

    Li erx shanzd mrgeha zdxan (Shxan) li bin dest mr Hesen dabu. Ev mr berz kar mrgeha xwe ji metirsiya biparz, bi taybet ji dest dewleta ( Aq qwnlo = berx sp). Her weha v mr bi rmet li sher aldran 1514z. xwe ne da aliy herdu imberatriyetn sherker b layen sekin.Bel pisht dewleta Osmanl bi serket, mr Hesen li sala 1520z. xwe xiste tay xndkarn Osmanliya.(govara Lalish, jimare 8, p.40)

    Her v mr bi rmet kar bajr Musil bistne kr xwe Hisn beg bike hakim w.(Sherfnama Sherefxan Bedls, p.115). Mr Hesen beg pisht xizmeteke mezin bo zidiyan mrgeha xwe kir, ew li sala 1534 zayin o ber rehma Xd.

    Pisht serdem Shx Hesen kr Shxadiy dw Mr Shx Shefedn nav 24-25 mrn zidiyan ji binemala Qataniy t, mr here bi nav deng nav w di kitbn drokda hat Hisn beg mezine .(bo mnak binre Sherefname, p.105- Mihemed Emn Zek, droka dewlet mrgehn krda, p. 142- Enwer May, krd li Behdinan, p.129- breweriyn Mamun bg, wergrana Ceml rojbeyan...)

    Ber arsed shst ar sala mr Hisn beg pisht mirina bab xwe (mr Hesen) dibe mr zidiya.Dem Siltan Silman qanun ji Tebrz vegeryay, hatiye Hewlr behar l derbaz ke, w ax (Mr Ezedn Shr) mr mrgeha Hewlr bu, Siltan Silman l bi xezeb geriya firmana xeniqandina w da, bel mr Hisn beg mezin xatira Siltan Silman girt diyariyn pirr beha pshksh kirin, dibjin: gelek keyfa Xndkar p hat ew kire mr Hewlr Soran Musil hemu ciyn dinn krdan li Behdinan.( Mihemed Emn Zek, tarx al-dwel we al-imarat al-kurdiya =droka dewlet mrgehn krdan, p.124- Hisn Hizn Mkriyan,mcez tarx soran = krtiya droka soran, p. 8).

    Di v serdemda ne wek her nav deng zidiyan dewr wan li Shxan, Musil, Hewlr, Soran hemu Behdinan bilind bu, belk her ji sala (1520-1566z.) mrgeha Heleb Shingal di bin dest mr (Ezedn kr yusif krd )da bu. Ev mre ji binemala Mr Sherfedn ji mala Shx Hesen Adan bu. Mrgeha Kils mereash j li bin dest mr Mehemed pasha ji binemala Shx Mend da bu.

    Helbet hkmdariya milletek piraniya wan bsilman bi dest mrek zid, ne karek asan sivik bu. Mrn bsilman p nexosh bu Hisn beg zid hkmdariya Hewlr Soran bike; ji ber v yek( mr Svdn kr mr Hisn pr bodaq) mr simaql, gelek bizav sher li gel Hisn beg kirin, bel her dem shkestin behra w bu.Ew mecbur bu hawara xwe bigehne (Bge beg erdelan), bel ev u bi mr Svdn ne da. Mr svdn vegeriya dever bi nav bsilmatiy bsilman bo sher zidiyan kom kirin.

    Bsilmana hrish nane ser Hewlr, w ax Hisn beg li zdxan-ank li mrgeha Shxan - dima. Dem ew zan shere kser vegeriya Hewlr sherek mezin li navbera herdu aliyanda bu, bitir ji( 500) swar zidiyan hatine kshtin mr Hisn mecbur bu bazdet.(binre zidiyat, Xidir Silman Xell Cind, p.180, ji Hisn Hzn Mkriyan, serkaniy pshin hatiye wergirtine)

    Dem Siltan Silm zan Hisn beg sher dorandiye mrgeh ji dest w derann, gelek hrisa w rabun, shande pey w, ew co Istembol li wder li sdar dan.Dawiya Hisn beg mezin bi v away tirajd bi dimah hat.

    Gelo bo nrna dewleta Osmanliya beranber zidiyan hate ghorn shna harkariya wan dikirin mrgeh didana wan, wek me li ser diyar kir, dest bi firman qirkirinn zidiyan kirin?

    Helbet pisht kshtina mr Hisn beg mezin, zid ariyan beranber dewleta Osmanliya sher kirin. Ewan j bi awayek xoya firmana qirkirina zidiya bi nav miftiy dewlet( Abu al-Sieud al-emad 1494-1575z. ) nan der.Ev firman dergeh tirseke mezin di rw zidiyan da vekir rojn wann zrn beru tar bun birin!.

    Hovtiya Imberatriyeta Osmanl beranber zidiyan ne kmtir bu ji hovtiya Imberatriyeta Sefew. Xndkar fermanbern Osmanliya siyaseta ol cdahiya dn bi kar di na zid Mesh Ch Ermen...hd. bi dest krdn msilman didane kshin. Ewan temashay herdu aliyan dikir li ser haziriy di sekinn. Ewan ne dixwast mrek krdan bi hz be(bit), snor xwe derbazke bibe metirs li dij wan bisekine. Ji bo v yek ne di hlan mrek yan pashayek bitir ji salek li ser krsiya xwe bimne.

    Eve hegera here mezin bu di kshtina mr Hisn begda. Pisht kshtina w Osmanliya wilayeta Musil Hewlr li sala 1585z. dane dest mr Botan (El Sd beg)- k bi esilda zid bu-. Ev mr bi harkariya Osmanliya hrisheke mezin na ser zidiyn iyayn Shingal (600)kes ji wan kshtin jin piukn zidiyan dl kirin.

    nke qirkirinn hatne ser ser zidiyan hrishn hatne ser mrgehn wan ji dem belav buna dn Islam li Krdistan Iran Tirkiya ciyn din, hin di pirrin, dem nne mirov hemukan di virda, ank di konferanseke wehada, bi serhat sal gotina li ser bje, her ende tkel bi mrgeha Shxan, Shingalve heye, bel bi krt em dikarn v ser jimar bi rz kn:

    2 sher li dem Emer bin Xetab.

    4 sher qirkirin li dem Ebasiyan.

    25-30 sher qirkirina li dem Imberatriyeta Osmanliya.(behra bitir li ser iy Shingal bun)

    7-8 sher qirkirin li dem Sefewiya.

    4 sher qirkirin li dem dewleta Atabikiya li Musil.

    5 sher qirkirin li dem mrn Amd Zaxo.

    4 sher qirkirin li dem hkmeta Celliya li Musil.(li ser iyay

    Shingal).

    2 sher qirkirin li dem mr Soran( pstirn dijwartirn firman bu).

    1 sher qirkirin li dem mr Baban.

    1-2 sher qirkirin li dem mr Botan.

    1 sher qirkirin li dem mr Erdelan.

    1 sher qirkirin bi dest serokn zbariya.

    1 sher qirkirineke mezin bi dest erebn Shemer.

    Her wek (Zhr Kazim) di kitba xwe (Lemehat en al-yezdiye ) dibje: nvbera sala 1700-1834z. dem Memalk li Bexday nemayn, zid beringar (18)hijde firmana bun.

    Li sala 1534z. mr Hesen kr mr Svdn, mr Amdiy, xwe da bin tay dewleta Sefewiya bi harikariya wan hrish na Dihoka zidiya(dasiniya) pash hrisha xwe birine ser mrgeha Shxan herduk xistine bin dest xwe.

    Li erx hivdda, mrek din zidiyan nav dengek mezin peyda kir rolek pirr diyar di droka deverda leyizt, nav w ( zid Mrza )bu. Ew kr mr Hesen bu li sala 1600 z. li gnd Bashk ji dayik buye. Her di v erxda li dem ( Shah Ismail Sefew) hrisha sefewiya di te ser devera krdistan mrgeha Shxan. zid Mrza tkel dostayet li gel ( Mirad Xan beg ) hebun, ew terefgr dewleta Osmanliya bu. zid Mrza buwe mr zidiyan Bashk kire melbend mrgeha xwe. pash dewleta Osmanl zid Mrza kirine serlshker Behdnan.

    Mirad Xan beg lshkerek mezin bo wilayeta krdistan pk na, pirraniya wan zid bun. Ew zid Mirza kire serok w lshker k beranber mala ( Xan Ahmed Xan) mrn Sharezur Erdelan bisekine; nk ew terefdarn dewleta Sefewiya bun.(Xan Ahmed Xan) kar li sala 1623z. behra bitir ji krdistan bixe bin dest xwe zdxan j dagrke hrish bibe ser devera zidiyn xaltiyan.

    Li v dem, zidiyan hawara xwe birine ber mr Amdiy( Yusif Xan), bel ewan ne kar beranber lshker Sefewiya Xan Ahmed bisekinin. Di v hri
    zid Mrza xwast tola zidiyan herdu birayn xwe(El Emer) ji mala (Xan Ahmed Xan) Saroxan bistne. Miraza w bi c hat dem Siltan Mirad ar lshker amadekir ber bi Bexday oy, da carek din ew ji bin dest Sefewiya bneder. Her bo v yek j Mirad Xan lshkerek mezin amade kir serokatiya w da dest krmam xwe ( Qbad beg) ( zid Mrza).

    Li sala 1639z. zid Mrza hajote ser Bexday hrish bire ser xveta ( Saroxan) serek lshker Sefewiya ew ksht.

    Siltan Mirad pirr bi palewaniya zid Mrza kfxwesh bu, biryar da ew li sala 1650z. kire Pashay wilayeta Musil.

    V mr bi rumet salek pashatiya Musil kir.Gelek avedan, andin,hmnay li dem w pshket. Ew kelayek li ser robar Dijle ava kir k heta niha
    Pash van serhatiya nexweshiyn mezin nveka zidiyan dewleta Osmanl bun. Mr zidiya ( Emadedn hekar ) lshkerek giran ji (6) shesh hezar kesan amadekir hrish bire ser wezr mezin (Melik pasha) devera berwar bala kela ( Dur) ya mr Xdda stand, bel dsan dewleta Osmanliya bi lshkerek mezin bi harkariya mrn krd, zid shkandin.(bo zaniyariyn zavtir binre: govara Lalish, j.5, p. 57, shemo Qasim...)

    Wek me got pisht serdem Shxad Shx Hesen Sherfedn( mr Shingal Xaltiya, lshker w bi km gozik pordirj bun), nav (25) bst pnc mrn zidiya t. Mirov nikare yeko-yeko behs dewr serhatiyn wan bike, belk ewn here navdar nav wan di berpern drokda hatn mirov dikare hinek derheqa wan bje.

    Kitba ( xeraib al-ather, Yasn Al-Emer ), (Imaret al-emadiye- Sedq Al-demeluc), ( zbdet al-athar al-celiye- ), (Imaret Behdnan- Anwer May), (Imaret Behdnan al- ebasiye- Mefuz al-ebas),( Shxan Shxanbeg- Xidir Silman & Sedilla Shxan ), ( Imaret Soran- Hisn Hizn Mkriyan),( Droka Dugeln Kurdan 600-1500, Ebdullah Varl),..hd, behs mr mrgehn zidiyan dikin.

    Mr ol beg kr mr bidax (1201- 1205k.) bi dest mr Amdiy, li mala Nemir Axay Dina li bajr Sml t kshtin.Pisht w Hesen beg kr w dibe mr li sala 1790z. Pashay Bexday w han dida dij Pashay Musil (Mehemed Cell) sher bike, bel mr Hesen bi xebera w nake.

    El beg mezin kr Hesen beg kr ol beg: di serdem v mr navdar da, li sala 1831z. firmana here mezin bi dest mr Mehemed kor, mr Rewandiz hate ser zidiyan. end hezar kesn b gneh ji zidiyan hatin kshtin (100000)sed hezar kes j, pirraniya wan jin n zarok kesn mezin, hatin dl kirin hajotne Rewandiz. Di bjin jina El beg hindek jin zelamn zidiyan bi xwera rakirin hajotne ser kela Shingal k ( Babekir axa) tda bu, ew mirovn di kelda hemu bi dest zidiyan hatin kshtin. Her dsan dem jina El beg mezin zan mr bi dest mr kore hate xenqandin, hindek jin li gel xwe rakirin gehishtne mr Mehemed li Rewandiz xencereke jehraw li mil w da, bel mr kore ne hla zelamn w, w jina bi cerig bikjin, got : ne kjin madem jineke wisaye bi dile! ( binre govara Lalish, j. 9, p.50 )

    Ji ber van egeran leshker mr Mehemed hrish bire ser zidiyn Shngal gelek ciyn din. El beg mezin bi dest mr Mehemed kor hate daliqandin s roja lash w li ser pira Rewandiz bi darve ma.

    Ye hej gotinye; nav mr kore, Ferq pasha, Bebe(baban), Bilbas, heyte, cendirme, rom,Musil(yan xesa Musil)...hd. wek navn xirab ps ketine nava drok edeb folklr zidiyan.

    Hisn beg kr El beg mezin; ev mre dost Hinr Layerd bu, mrek eleng bu, bi zrekiya xwe kar bigehte Siltan Ebdilhemd, ciy xwe mrgeha xwe xosh ke, l bel li w dem hinek nexosh bizav dij Osmanliya peyda bun, ewan hizir kir dest Hisn beg tda heye.

    Li sala 1892z. ferq Wehb Pasha qirkirin zidiyan na, bi taybet ser iy Shingal,w firman Mirza beg ji tirsa xwe kire Bsilman, pisht s roja poshman bu, l ew di dil zidiyanda sar bu, di av wanda shkest. L bel biray w (El beg) ser shor nekir ew li gel jina w Meyan Xatun 3 s salan durxistine Swaz, pash vegeriya zdxan mriyatiya zidiyan kir, Li sala 1913 hate kshtin; hindek dibjin bi dest krn ol beg Almeman hindek serkan dibjin bi tehrka Sefer axa.(binre, zidiyat, p.183-her weha binre govara Rabun, j.10-11 sala 1994, van Bitns, wergrana Hesen Qaz, p.107)

    Her ende Sed beg kr El beg, shnda kr w Tehsn beg bune mr- bel ji sala 1913-1957 Meyan Xatun wek jineke navdar, nav w kete droka jinn hkdarn krd.



    Mrgeha Kils

    Devera Kils, Heleb, Antakiya, Hims, Hema serkan,...hd. ji warn kevnarn zidiyane.Ber zid bi gelek nava li v deverda peyda buyne.

    Mrnishna arcum nzk Heleb, snor w her ji rexa behra sp ji aliy bakur rojavaya Heleb dest p dikir heta di gehishte snor mrnishna Komacn li rojavaya Gergemsh (=Tarabilsa Sriya).

    Mrnishna arcum, her wek Dr. Flb Het, dibje: wek dwarek polay bu li ber ry hrishn bsilmann ereb li dewr Emer kr Xetab...ev mrgeh xerac(=ciziye) ne dida ereba heta dewleta Emewya hate ser hkim. (Weld kr Ebdilmelik) lshkerek mezin bi serokatiya biray xwe ( Mslim) li sala 705z. amade kir bi firt fla xwe gehande nav zidiyan bashtirn ekdarn wan xistine bin dest xwe.(Mhibellah, mewqie krdistan)

    Li serdem (Selahedn Eyub) careke din v mrgeh ser xwe hilda, dem ariyn Rwad (= navek kevnar zidiyan) li destpka erx dwanzd ( Mend Mentasha= Mend Mend) li gel kr la xwe Selahedn) sekin. Hemu l eshretn Rwad; her ji Hewlr Musil goma Wan, heta Kils Entakiya li pisht Selahedn Eyub sekinn. Ev Siltan bi rmet mrgeheke mezin bo Shx Mend; serok krdn Hekar binav ezz= Ezo, Ciy k bi nav (Qesr) li Kilkiya nzk Antakiya dest nshan kir.( binre Droka Dugeln Kurdan 600-1500, Ebdullah Varl,1997,p.277-284. Her wisa binre : Dr. Al-Tnc, Al-Yezdiyun, Kwt, 1988,p.52, ji govara Roj, J.4-5 hatiye wergirtin)

    Sherefxan Bedls derheqa v yek dibje: ew zidiyn li v dever di jiyan hemu li dor (Mend)=(Shx Mend) kom bun, ji ber w end nav deng w derket, ciy w gelek bi hz bu. Krdan ji hemu aliyave ru kir; her ji om Kils ciyn din. Ji ber hind xrt bu, Eyubiya ew (Mend ) kirine mr mran,ank Pasha krdn Sham Heleb j keftine bin dest w.(Sherefname,p.215, bi ziman ereb)

    Her ende hindek krdn Hekar bsilman bun, l heta mirina (Shx Mend) li sala 1195z. herdukan( Hekariyn bsilman zid) hkim bi hevra dikirin serokatiya Shx Mend qebul dikirin.

    Shx Mend li serdem Shxad Shx Hesen bu. Serhat rokn dn zidiyan dibjin: dem Shx Hesen hatiye girtin zid tengav buyin, Shx Mend di hawara wan hat.

    Pisht Shx Mend oye ber rehma Xd, mrgeha Kils kete dest kr w( Melik Ereb) k li sala 1252z. ew j oye ber rehma Xd. Mr Ereb kar mrgeha xwe fireh bike zidiyn Hema, Meresh, Melatiye, bixe bin dest xwe.

    ax Mexul hatn dewleta Eyubiya ne hlayn, w dem hkm mrgeha Kils hshta di dest ( Melk Ahmed) neviy Shx Mend da bu.nke binemala Shx Mend tay(terefgr ) Eyubiya bun, ji ber w yek Mexuliya hinek shxn dinn zidiya han dan hkim ji dest binemala Shx Mend ann der, xistine dest binemala(Shx Bekir),k ev shxe li sala 1315z. oye ber rehma Xdye.Ev Mr berz hkm zidiyan li Hema,Meresh,Melatiya Kils kiriye.Pisht w ( Shx Xidir) kr w (li sala 1345z. miriye) ciy w girt. Shx Ezedn li p bab xwe Shx Xidir mriyat kir.Ev mr melbend mrgeha xwe ghaste(Qesr) .Ew j li sala 1372z. o ber dilovaniya Xd kr w ( Shx Bekir duw) ciy w girt li sala 1405z.bi rehma Xd sha bu.( bo bitir zaniyariya binre: Sherefxan, p. 215-223-. Droka Dugeln Kurdan, p. 277-284. Mehemed Emn Zek, Tarxa Krd Krdistan, cild2, p.376,..)

    Pisht mirina (Shx Bekir duw), kr w (Ezedn duw) buwe mr Kils ev mr kar bi asht li gel cnarn xwe bijt. Her li serdem v mr j carek din (Bedir kr Melik Mehmed) ji binemala Shx Mend mriyatiy bi hevra li gel binemala Shx Bekir dikin. Pisht Bedir j, kr w bi nav Eshref (Necmedn) ciy bab xwe digire li sala 1410 zayin emr Xd dike.Ji ali binemala Shx Bekir, Shx Siltan kr Ezedn dibe mr melbend mrgeha xwe dughze Qesr.

    erkesn Misr Zulqadir Remezanl Germiyana dijmindar li gel v mr kirin.Ev mre li sala 1445z. o ber rehma Xd kr w ( mr Xell) shuna w girt, bel gelek ne domand, ew j li sala 1460 malavay li dinyay kir. Neviy w ( mr Xr Kr mr Xidir) shuna mam girt. Li dem mr Xr , mr Ehmed j, ji binemala Shx Mend bi mr dihate nas kirin,her du binemal li hev hatin melbend mrgeh birine Kils.

    dsan ev harkar li hev hatin bi dil erkesn Misr nehat, aciz bun li dij sekinn. Ji bo w yek Siltan Zahir Qanso bi lshkerek zav mezin hate ser mr ( Hebb) ew li sala 1449 kshtin. Bir w mr Qasim ciy w girt. Dsan erkesan pishta binemala Shx Bekir girtin Shx Ezedn kr Shx Evd kr mr Xidir kirine mr.

    Heta hatina Osmanliya li sala 1516 zayin, mrgeha Kils Heleb, mrgeheke bi hze zidiya bu. Dem Siltan Slm dest havtiye qir kirina serokn Misr li sala 1516- 1517, ew hevaltiya mr Qasim mezinn zidiya dixwast. Pisht serketina Siltan Selm bi ser Pashayn Misr, ew hemu serokn krdan- ewn harikariya w kirn- vexundine Istembol.Mr Qasim kr xwe ( Canpola) j one mvandariya Siltan Selm, l bel waliy Heleb ( Qeree Pasha ) kaxezek ji Siltanra shand, tda got: heke mr Qasim careke din vegeriya ciy xwe, dsan d nexosh keve devera Heleb Kils.Li gor shreta Qeree Pasha, Siltan Selm b bext, ne kire ne merd, mr Qasim ksht kr w (Canpola) xiste ber xndin.

    Binemala Shx Mend b hz bu, mirovek wisa nema mriyatiy bike. Mr Ezedn ji binemala Shx Bekir buwe serok krdan heta sala 1530 hkim kir di v salda mir.

    Psht v mr kesek wisa namne bikare hkm krdan bike; ji ber w yek Osmanliya hemu milk van mrgeha xistine ser milk Siltan Istenbol hkm krdan dane dest ( Melik mehemed) ji mrn Hesenkf.

    Krdn zid bi v yek qayil nebun pirr nexosh na hmin li devera Heleb Kils peyda kirin. (Xadim Hisn Pasha) mecbur bu kaxezek bo Istembol bishne, bje wan : ji bil binemala Canpola kes pve nikare hkm Heleb Kils bike.

    Li dem Siltan Silman Xan, (Canpola kr Qasim beg) o eskeriya Osmanliya di gelek shera da beshdar bu; li Belixrad,Rudis, Bexda Romaniya...hd. her ji ber qehremaniya w Siltan Silman ciy bab babkalkn w l vegerandin carek din mrgeha Kils derdor w dan.Li sala 1504 zayin Canpola hate Kils pisht v roj, ev mrgehe bi nav ( Canpolay =yan Cinbilat Kils ) hate nas kirin. ( Dsan binre serukaniyn pshin)

    Di ax mrgeha Heleb Kils vegeriyaye bin dest binemala Shx Mend (Canpola) zidiya rol xwe dt, her di v demda mrgeha Shxan, Hewlr, Soran Musil di bin dest mr Hisn beg, mr zidiya dabun mrgeha Shingal Xaltiya di bin dest Sherfedn ji binemala Shx Hesen Adiyan da bun; anku zidiya di w serdemda roleke mezin di droka dever di dewleta Osmanlda di dtin.

    Mr Canpola li sala 1564 emr Xd kir kr w ( mr Cafer) shuna w girt heta sala 1568 mriyat kir o ber rehma Xd.

    Pisht mirina mr Cafer li sala 1568 nexosh duberek kete nva mala Canpola bi xweda.Hebb beg bir w Hisn beg li hev ketin.Ji ber k bitir Hisn beg eleng zrek bu, bitir diyar didane Xndkar xizmeta w dikir, Siltan Silman pishta w girt, mrgeha xwe bi rve bir li sala 1592 zayin dereca (mr mran= Pashat) da Hisn beg ew kire Pasha eyaleta Terablsa Sham, Kils, Heleb Qesr dan dest w.

    Yek ereb bi nav ( Qembze) xwast eyaleta Terabls ji dest Hisn Pasha bne der bikeve bin dest w, bel b fayde bu.Ew o Istembol gelek diyar bo Siltan birin, di rka vegeriyana xweda hat kshtin. Kshtina w xistin stoy (stkra) Hisn Pasha, l li ser w zbat nebu, bel her li dawiy ew ji mriyatiy ket.

    Mihemed Emn Zek di droka Krd Krdistan, cild 1, p. 186 da, derheqa durxistina Hisn Pasha rokeke din dibje: dem wezr mezim die sher Iran dixwaze Hisn Pasha pra here, ev dimahk gelek hceta der dixe naxwaze pra here sher...dem wezr mezin ji Tebrz vedigere Hisn Pasha dikje. ax (El beg) bir Hisn Pasha saloxa kshtina bir xwe di bihse, ew bi hzeke mezin die ser Heleb shoresh dij Osmanliya hil dike ber xwe dide Terablsa Sham ew j distne Sham gndn w j di xe bin dest xwe.

    Nav deng El beg pirr belav bu, bi ser bixoy hkm welat kir pare bi nav xwe kir. Li sala 1607 peymanek li gel ( Ershdoq Frdnand) melik Toskana Ital girda hewil da peymana li gel hkmetn din girde.

    ax Mirad Pasha buye serok lshker Enadol xwast shoreshn w vemirne, yekem car xwast ji binemala Canpola xilas be. Mr El Canpola=Cinbilat) xwe amade kir; (20)bist hezar swar qas wan peyade li geliy (Bixras) dan hev. Mirad Pasha j bi lshkerek (40) il hezar kesve ji krdn Dilqadir( krdn Meresh Bstan) bi serokatiya (Zlfeqar Pasha) lshker Osmanliya hajotne serhev herdu lshkeran li geliy ( Erselan bil) li deshta (Urrc) rast hevbun. Ev shere li 24iriya yek,sala 1607 qewim. Pisht sherek giran, nvek ji lshker krdan hat qelandin shkest. El Canpola kishiya Heleb shnda ber xwe da Istanbol, dexalet Siltan.

    Siltan l bor, pash kire mr Timishwar li Nemsa k w ax ser bi dewleta Osmanliya bu, bel Mirad Pasha bi v yek raz nebu, yek vir kir, El Canpola li kela Belgirad ksht.

    Bi bazdana El Canpola ona wiya Istanbol, hindek kesan ji binemala wan karn xwe ji dest (Mirad Pasha ) rizgarkin li dor ber Heleb Kils veshrin.

    Sala 1630 zayin yek bi nav ( Sed beg Canpola) kr w (Rebah) xwe gehandne Beyrut one mala (Meniya= al-Mien ) ji mrn Lbnan.

    Ji ber tkeliyn herdu binemala - diyare ji kevinda bi mirovan di gehishtine hev- mr ciyay Shof (Shx Fexredn) gelek bi hatina ( Sed beg) kfxwesh bu. Ewan jin dane hev pash dsan mala Canpola bune Shx serokn iyay Lbnan shxn Diruziyan.

    Di virda jiyaneke nuwe binemala Canpolayn krd dest p dike heta niha ew male rolek mezin di jiyana siyas civakiya Lbnanda di leyizen.

    Er gelo mirov aqil ji serhatiya van mrgehn zidiyan fr dibe?...ez dikarim di aruf van xaln xwarda kom kim:

    1- Mrn krda her pale destksn xelk biyan buyne. Ew dijmin ser xwe gel xwe buyne.

    2-Gel dewletn din; wek Ereb, Tirk, Faris, Mexul, erkes, Etabik,...hd., dn Islam di xizmeta gel xwe kirin, yan bjn bo xizmeta gel xwe bi kar ann. Dewlet ji xwera kirin( dewleta erebiya Islam, Osmanl, Sefew ,...), krdan dn dewlet bi hevra li derdan; ne dewlet bi nav Islamiy ji xwera kirin, ne dn j serrast kirin!!

    3- Dewleta Osmanl, Sefew, erkesa,...hd., krd bi krda dane kshtin.Ew kirine dijmin yektir heta niha gel krd derd w dijminiya dijwar dikishne, yek yek dikje, dijmin dirrist j raser wan sekiniye, tema
    4-Heyf sed mixabin pirraniya firman qirkirinn krdn zid bi dest krdn Bsilman bune.

    5- Ez bjim: pwiste droka krdan hur b xndin helsengandin, gereke dsan konferansek cihan ji zana siyasetmedaran bo v yek b li dar xistin.













    Maf Kopkirin &kopbike; PDK-XOYBUN; wiha, di xizmeta, Kurd Kurdistan daye : Pirojeya Kurdistana Mezin, Pirojeyn Abor Avakirin, Pirojeyn Cand Huner, Lkolna Droka Kurdistan, Perwerdeya Ziman Kurd, Perwerdeya Zann Syas, Weana Malper TV yn Kurdistane. Tev maf parast ne.

    Weandin:: 2003-09-21 (5312 car hat xwendin)

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