Helbestvan Kurd x Memdh Birfkan ( 1922 – 1976 )



Helbestvan Kurd x Memdh Birfkan ( 1922 – 1976 )

"Ez feqiyek belengaz im ji feqiyn Dwana Cizr"

x M. Birfkan


Ji dema yekem helbestvan Kurd Baba Tahir Hemedan - Uryan - heta bi helbestvann n, qada helbesta kurd bi hest nest, hv azwer xwna helbestvanan hatiye rengnkirin, xemilandin. Bi taybet helbestvann me yn kilask yn ku xweza bedewiya kurdistan di helbestn xwe de, pesin kirine nemir hitine. x Memdh Birfkan yek ji wan helbestvann ku ji bax helbesta kurd ya kilask j wergirtiye ji kaniya herik ya Melay Cizr Feq Teyran vexwariye. Kurdistan bi hem bedewiya xwe di helbestn w de, r dide, millet kurd ziman kurd t pesindan.

Jnengariya x Memdh Birfkan ( 1911 - 1976 ) :

x Memdh Birfkan di sala 1911 zayn li–Bad-ya ser bi – Dihok- hatiye ser ry dinyay. Di heft saliya xwe de, dest bi xwendina Quran kiriye. Xwendina xwe ya ol li Birfka li ber dest Mela Ebdullah Etr s salan xwendiye. Pitre, li–Sipndar-dora salek li ber dest Mele Ebdulxaliq Akrey xwendina xwe berdewam kiriye. Pitre, li – Etr - li ba x Ebdulrehman Etr bicbye, li ber dest Hec Mela Ehmed xwendiye. Ji Etr j, ber xwe daye-Kemeka- dora du salan li ba say Salih Kemek xwendiye. Di sala 1931 de, xwendina xwe bidaw aniye. Pitre, li Zaxo li ber dest Mela Ebdulxaliq Akrey bawernameya 12 ilman wergirtiye vegeriyaye Birfkay. Pit ku x Memdh Birfkan caza xwe li ber dest Mela Ehmed Akrey werdigire, di heman sal de caza Terqeta Qadir ji dest x Mihemmed Rizwan digire. Ji bil v, w li Bexda Necef j frn ayn wergirtine.

x Memdh du jin nabn. Li Zaxoy, sala 1938an kea Yusif paa, xuka Hazim Beg li xwe mehr kiriye, di sala 1954an de j kea Mela Mihemmed kur Ebdulxaliq Akrey mehr kiriye.x Memdh du caran ye Hecc.

Di sala 1970 de, x Memdh dibe endam komteya birvebir ya nivskarn Kurd. Her weha, yekem serok ktiya nivskarn kurd-tay Dihok. Ji bil v, ew endam Korr Zaniyar Kurd bye. x Memdh di hindek helbestn xwe de, xwe bi (Exlat) nan dide. Exlat naznav x Memdh Birfkan b. Exlat nav bajarek bakur kurdistan ye. x Memdh ji malbata x Ehmed Exlat ye.

Helbestn x Memdh di gelek kovar rojnameyan de hatine belavkirin, weandin, weke kovara Ronah – Hawar - Birayet, Nser Kurd - Kirkaran, di rojnameya – Bizav-.

Diyar e ku helbestvan me y hja x Memdh Birfkan ji zaroktiya xwe ve, hez ji edeb, wje helbestvaniya kurd kir. Bandora kilaskn Kurd–Melay Cizr, Feqiy Teyran, Ehmed Xan, Melay Batey..htd, ser `ira w berz diyar e. x Memdh xwe mna "feqeyek belengaz ji feqeyn Dwana Melay Cizr" dihijmart.

x Memdh di nsana sala 1976an de, ser heqiya xwe li bajar Dihok hate veartin.

Gencneya `ir helbestn x Memdh Birfkan mezin berfireh e. Bi evn hezkirin, kurdewar ruh nitiman perweriy eq heza kurdistan xemiland ye. x Memdh kurdperwer bye ew sitemkariya ku hatiye ser millet w, nepijirandiye.Ziman x rewan e mna em robarn Kurdistan, wisa zelal, wisa paqij, diherike. L, her awa be j, ruh netewayet li nik ew dab ser aliyn din jiyan. x bib fida girday doza gel welat xwe, helbestn xwe terxan dikirin ji bo ax xwezaya kurdistan di gel helbestn ku di nava xwe de nrn felsefeya w vedihewnin. Her weha, wek zanayek Kurd hitin parastina ziman edeba kurd j weke erkeke xwe didt, di v war de ferhengeke Kurd - Kurd di gel helbestn xwe di dwan de, dide kirin.

x dibje ku : "pdiv ye em li edebiyata xwe miqate bin, her dem di hizra me da bit, w ji hindabn biparzn". Hilbet, ev nay w watey ku, x Memdh dr ol dn xwe ketib, lbel w hezkirina ol netewayetiy bi hev re fr feqe mirdn xwe, dikir. Bel, x Memdh Birfkan mirovek hestyar nefisbik b. Chana w ya helbestvaniy bi dostan, hezkirin, ayn nitiman perweriy dagirt b, ji bil ahkiya ziman w y kurd. B guman, ev hestn x Memdh yn netewey welatparziy bne sedema zindankirina w derengketina apkirina helbestn w yn ku bi km di hindek kovar rojnameyan de li Iraq hatibne weandin, weke rojnameya ( Welat ) kovara ( Ndem ) –Karwan – Beyan - Rewenbr.

x Memdh mirovek aqilmend brwer b. Mirov, bi ziman xwe y xwe ry xwe y ge sr kesatiya xwe dikirin, nexasime ku malbata w – Birfkan - li dever bi tund t hezkirin qedirgirtin. x Memdh Birfkan lkolnn git ser edeba Kurd - zarav behdn - dikir di wjeya ereb de j, xwed zanay b.

Weke ber j hate gotin, x Memdh Birfkan, li ser opa helbestvann kurd yn kevin – kilask - bi taybet M.Cizr Feqy Teyran, helbesta xwe di hnand. x Memdh bi waza nivsandina xwe gelek ji wan ve nzk b, her di war ayn de j wek wan olperest b, bi nav ol li piraniya dever pareyn kurdistan geriyaye. Her weha, x gelek gotinn kurd yn kevin sax zind kirine di helbetsn xwe de bikar anne, di gel ku w ir helbestn gelek helbestvann kurd yn kevin komkirine ji windabn parastine tev ku gelek ji wan hn nehatine weandin, ne ketine ber ronahiy de.

Di derbar x Memdh Birfkan de, Sebr Botan wiha dinvsne: "x Memdh Birfkan di edebiyata me ya kilask de navek girng e".

B guman gera x li piraniya bajar gund devern kurdistan b alkar ku ziman w y kurd xurt bihz bibe, gelek zaravn kurd di helbestn xwe de bikar bne, peyivn kurd yn resen ji gencneya ku dab hev, derdixistin, dikirin rist hozan di pesindana xweza, xurista kurdistan de. Red Find behsa hunera helbest ya x Memdh

Birfkan dike dibje: "Hozant x Memdh Birfkan di ter nazik ciwan in, rehwaniyeka huner hozan arezayiya ziman l diyar dibt".

- Berhemn x Memdh Birfkan :
1- Lalen:be yek ya dwana w - 1997, Stockholm, apxaneya APEC.
2 - Ferhenga Birfkan:di sala 1950 de hatiye nivsandin. Kurd - Ereb ye. Kurdiya w bi herd tpn ereb latn ji aliy x Memdh ve hatiye nivsandin.
3 - Berhevkirina dwana x Nreddn Birfkan ( 1940 – 1966 ).
4 - Berhevkirina dwana x emseddn Qutb Exlat y Birfkan ( 1940 – 1966 ).
5 - ( El Heqqe wel Beyan f tercumet sadat Birfkan ) bi ziman Ereb. 1961.
6 - Pnc yek helbestvann kurd.
7 - Lsteya dara malbata Birfkaniyan.
8 - Gelek gotar rok metelok lkolnn ser droka millet kurd.

Helbest :


Welalat me

ax daxn di wilat me pir e ji engebiya
ek alal beybn qul bi qul ketine iya

Nrgizn ser di giran ermend xemla te ne
Li menn nazik ter simbil diden aweriya

Sorguln smay rengn l`terzina girt xunav
Daxedar im bo binefn xurme l`ber keviya

ar kinar keviya sosin simbil xemiln
Mrg baxn di behet didine ber ikiya

He coma tu bin bexey rizwan e wilat
Bax rem te hebt d bideye mizgniya

M`irya bn l dan s evan d jne ve
Her dema binr bihare kan njdare giya

Ax ji zr e li iya binre dur almas in hem
end cewher cumla yekser w ji nikme n ciya

Rez bax menan all ball dixwnin
Deng awaz irn kefte nihal geliya

Kan gencn di wilat me pir in mil dane yek
Sed hizar in tev bijar in mak kmya ye giya

Serwer end cihan heq bguman erd me ye
Bi qureka av ji dola sax diken bvariya

He v erd bibnt pa j bene der
t dibt hadir di gav dn har kefte riya

Bes bibje km birje Exlat nas ji mje
Cih bihet e iya det e av heyat e li kaniya

Hilo Rabin

Hilo rabin gel Kurda bi can mal bi ehd soz
Binrin faris tirka l`me napirsin Ereb Rs

Ji tirka ya me b erd hem rze hem Terss
Hekar Tuncel Mere Kemxane heta Toros

Hinek Qeyser Swas hinek Toqat hinek Mrsn
Exne Drsim Entab, Qerehisar Artwn

Bngol irnex Cizr Exlat Mafarqn
Swreg Wranehir Batman Dara Nisbn

Melatya, El ezz, Xerpt, Giresun Adyeman
Qerekose Trebzon Bazd Qers Erdxan

Urfa Srt Erzerom, Bidls M Erzincan
slahiye skendern, Diyarbekir, Mrdn Wan

Eve hem kurd bn xur zar di kirmanc dixwand
Man bxudan bxwey lewra ku tirka ji me revand

Exlat hind ba dikir trika cih me ji xu kirand
Kes i pisyar l nekir derd xema dil peritand

* * *

Jder :
- Dwana x Memdh Birfkan, berhevkirin amadekirina Zahid Birfkan, apa didiwan, dezgeha Aras - 2002.
Dwana Kurmanc, Ebdulreqb Ysiv.


Hewlr, 14. 07. 2007
Besam Mistefa
Kurd Rojavay Kurdistan .


Besam Mistefa

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